Sri Lankan Reptiles

Sri Lanka is well known country rich in Boidiversity. It is one of the Hotspot out of the 25 Biodiversity Hotpots in the world. Sri Lanka is a hotspot of reptile fauna and harbors a rich composition of tetrapod and serpentoid reptilia.

Table 1: A comparison of the tetrapod reptile families in Sri Lanka.

Family

Total
species

Endemic species

Endemic subspecies

Gekkonidae (Geckos) 42 31 03
Agamidae (Agamas/ Dragons) 18 15 00
Scincidae (Skinks) 31 24 01
Lacertidae (Snake-eye Lizards) 02 00 02
Chameleonidae (Chameleons) 01 00 00
Varanidae (Monitor Lizards) 02 00 00
Crocodilidae (Crocodiles) 02 00 00
Bataguridae (Hard-shelled Terrapins) 01 00 01
Chelonidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles) 04 00 00
Dermochelidae (Leatherback Turtle) 01 00 00
Testudinidae (Toirtoises) 01 00 00
Trionychidae (Soft-shelled Terrapins) 01 00 00
Emydidae (Pond Terrapins) 01 00 00
Total 107 70 07

Table 2: A comparison of the snake families in Sri Lanka.

Family

Total
species

Endemic species

Endemic subspecies

Acrochordidae (Wart Snakes) 01 00 00
Typhlopidae (Blind Snakes) 10 08 00
Uropeltidae (Shield-tail Snakes) 15 14 01
Cylindrophiidae (Pipe Snakes) 01 01 00
Pythonidae (Pythons) 01 00 00
Boidae (Boas) 01 00 01
Colubridae (Colubrids) 30 09 04
Elapidae (Cobras, Kraits etc.) 05 02 01
Viperidae (Vipers & Pitvipers) 07 04 01
Elapidae: Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes) 14 00 00
Elapidae: Laticaudinae (Sea Kraits) 01 00 00
Homalopsidae (Mud Snakes) 03 00 00
Natricidae (Natricids) 12 08 01
Total 101 46 08