Sri Lanka is a remarkable country for birds. Although small, it has a wide range of climate and habitat and over 435 species of birds. Out of these,235 are resident and these include the most important 33 species that are recognizes as endemic to the country. A further 198 species have been recorded as migrants to country. The majority of these migrate to Sri Lanka during the northern winter and present from about August/September to April/May. In contrast, pelagic species of seabirds like Shearwaters, Petrels, Storm-Petrels etc migrate to Sri Lankan waters from southern oceanic islands during the southern hemisphere`s winter. Of the migrants, about 100 species regularly visit the country. The rest are occasional visitors and vagrants.
Sri Lanka usually divided into two zones, the dry plains of the north and the mountainous, wet, central region including the coast around the Colombo, comparable to the Western Ghats and sharing many species with the southwestern Indian region. Recent political trouble and the loss of habitat have resulted in several species coming under threat, particularly the Green-billed Coucal the Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush. Recent supplanting of natural forest with monoculture tree species has not helped although, remarkably, new species continue to be discovered; the most recent was a new owl, found in the Wet zone.( Sri Lanka Serendib scops-owl- Otus thilohoffmanni ).
Click here to view the List of Endemic Birds